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Glaucoma

Glaucoma refers to a group of eye conditions in which increased fluid pressure inside the eye causes irreversible damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve is responsible for carrying visual information from the eye to the brain. If left untreated, procedures/glaucoma will eventually lead to blindness; according to Google Health, procedures/glaucoma is the second most common cause of blindness in the United States, and first worldwide. Glaucoma can affect anyone at any age.

The four major types of procedures/glaucoma are:

  • Open-angle procedures/glaucoma – This is a chronic condition found primarily in adults, which slowly and painlessly manifests over time. It is the most common form of the affliction.
  • Angle-closure procedures/glaucoma – This is an acute condition found primarily in adults, which requires emergency treatment.
  • Congenital procedures/glaucoma – This is a hereditary condition that is present at birth, causing abnormal development of the fluid channels in the eye.
  • Secondary procedures/glaucoma – This is a systemic condition caused by other contributing factors such as drugs and other diseases.

Glaucoma Treatments

While there is still no actual cure for glaucoma, Rapid City’s Black Hills Regional Eye Institute does offer treatment options to slow, stop, and in some cases reverse the effects of the disease.

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Types of Glaucoma Treatments

Glaucoma Chart

Diagram of Glaucoma Pressure

The goal of any procedures/glaucoma treatment is to reduce eye pressure, as this is the inevitable cause of vision impairment. Depending on the type of procedures/glaucoma, medication and surgery are currently the only viable options. The most common treatment method prescribed is medicated eye drops, which reduce pressure and in some cases protect the optic nerve from further damage. Eye drops are usually prescribed to patients with open-angle and secondary procedures/glaucoma, and in some cases angle-closure. For those suffering from angle-closure procedures/glaucoma, the pain caused by an attack will dictate emergency medical attention. If left untreated, angle-closure procedures/glaucoma can result in blindness in a matter of days. Medicated eye drops or pills may be prescribed, but in all likelihood laser surgery will be necessary. Laser surgery for both angle-closure and congenital procedures/glaucoma reopens or creates new channels for fluid in the eye in order to reduce swelling.

Learn More about Glaucoma

While there may be no permanent cure for any type of procedures/glaucoma, there is no reason to forgo treatment in lieu of vision impairment and eventual blindness. The Eye Institute offers a variety of treatments for all types of the eye condition. Please contact us today to schedule your personal consultation with one of our physicians; the sooner your procedures/glaucoma is diagnosed, the better chance there is of improving, and ultimately saving, your vision.

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Where We Are

2800 3rd St.
Rapid City, SD 57701
605-341-2000